home loan TIPS FOR FIRST TIME HOMEBUYERS
- Start saving for your down payment as early as possible
Even though there are many options that allow as low as a 5% down payment, it is significantly better to have more money up front than less. Be sure to know how much home you can afford before determining how much money you have to save. If you plan to only save 5% of your down payment, keep in mind that 5% of $200,000 is $10,000. In addition, putting down less than 20% may mean higher costs and paying for private mortgage insurance (PMI). Know how much down payment you need, set a goal, and work hard to reach that goal.
- Check your credit score
Your credit score is one of the key factors in determining what type of mortgage and the interest rate for which you qualify. As soon as you know you may want to buy a home, begin work on your credit score. Dispute any errors on your credit report and get them resolved as quickly as possible. Also, do not open any new accounts within at least six months of applying for a mortgage.
- Budget for closing costs
Whether you plan to pay for the closing costs up front or are planning to roll them into your mortgage, you need to have an idea of how much your closing costs will be. Be sure to do some research yourself and shop around and compare prices for certain closing expenses, such as homeowners insurance, home inspections and title searches. Also, never be afraid to ask the seller to pay for a portion of your closing costs or negotiating your real estate agent’s commission. Closing costs typically run between 2%-5% of the total loan amount.
- Budget for move-in costs
In addition to insurance, inspections, home title, real estate agent’s commission, and all of the other costs involved in buying a home, many people forget that the actual moving process costs money. Be sure to save enough money for things such as cleaning supplies, food to restock your cabinets and refrigerator, new rugs, paint, and anything that you would like to change cosmetically to the home.
- Know what type of property you want to buy
Now that you have your budget, it’s time to consider what type of property you want to purchase. If you already have your heart set on a single-family home, then you know you’ll be getting a lot more room with more maintenance. On the flip side of that, you may want to have less work and more amenities, which would steer you toward a condo or town-home.
- Research mortgage options
Did you know that a 30-year, fixed rate mortgage isn’t the only option for purchasing a home? If you can afford larger monthly payments, you can get a lower interest rate with a 20-year or 15-year fixed loan. Or you may prefer an adjustable-rate mortgage, which is riskier but guarantees a low interest rate for the first few years of your mortgage.
- Get pre-approved
Many realtors will not show you homes without a pre-approval letter these days. The preapproval process shows your realtor how much home you can afford. It also proves to the sellers that you’re serious about purchasing a home, which can give you a leg up over the competition if they do not have a pre-approval letter.
- Hire the right realtor
Buying a home is stressful enough without having to do your realtor’s job. You need to hire someone who you can get along with and who will work for you! The right realtor should know exactly what you’re looking for, take you to open houses, and schedule home viewings around your schedule.
- Stay under your pre-approval limitUnderstand that while you can technically buy a home for your pre-approval amount, it is the ceiling of your limit. Instead of maxing out that amount, leave some room for unexpected expenses.
- Be prepared to compromiseDon’t get caught up in the paint color, the blind choices, or the terrible wall paper choice. These things are easily and inexpensively changed after buying a home. Think carefully about what is a need and what is a want when negotiating. You NEED to make sure the seller replaces the broken air conditioner, you WANT the color in the living room to be almond instead of yellow.
- Make a strong offer, but prepared to negotiateYour realtor should be experienced and will guide you through the negotiation process. A lot can be up for negotiation in the homebuying process, which can result in major savings. Are there any major repairs you can get the seller to cover, either by fully handling them or by giving you a credit adjustment at closing? Is the seller willing to pay for any of the closing costs? Will it be mutually beneficial to you and the seller to either close sooner or later than normal? If you’re in a buyers market, you may find the seller will bargain with you to get the house off the market. During negotiations try to keep your emotions in check and not take things personally, keeping in mind that at some time in the future your role may be reversed and as a seller you will want to maximize the price you can get for your home.
- Don’t forget homeowners and flood insuranceBefore you close on your new house, your lender will require you to buy homeowners insurance. Shop around to compare for the best price offering the most coverage with a deductible that makes sense for you. Keep in mind that homeowners insurance is not the same as flood insurance. Even if flood insurance is not required for your property, consider the peace of mind offered for the low annual cost. Note that most flood insurance policies only cover your main home structure (not detached buildings) and that contents coverage is typically an optional add-on.
- Consider more than the obviousHow long will this home and location meet your family’s needs? Is there any pending new construction or zoning changes that may affect your property value or view? If new construction, have you properly budgeted for window treatments, furniture needs, fencing, yard care, landscaping, etc.? If there is a Home Owner’s Association have you considered the cost of dues and understand the community rules & restrictions? If the home is more than 9 years old, are you prepared for potential major maintenance costs (e.g. appliances, AC, pool, roof, etc.)?
- Know what is included on your home inspectionAfter your offer is accepted, you will need a home inspection. However, not all inspections test for mold, radon, pests, etc. Be sure to know what’s included. Don’t be afraid to ask your inspector to take a look — or a closer look — at something and ask questions. In addition to a professional home inspection, conduct your own inspection. Is the water pressure adequate? Will you need to replace flooring? Are there leaky faucets? Any electrical issues with appliances running at the same time? Any evidence of termite damage or treatment? Any evidence of water damage to the interior/attic ceilings, walls or floors?
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